Do Meniscus Tear Injuries Only Occur in Athletes?

Cartilage makes an essential part of the bone and any tearing in it leads to the meniscus. The meniscus functions between the tibia and femur bone so the walking and movement between the knee could be improved. It can tear or suffer breakdown owing to any injury to the cartilage or traumatic experience.

In case of any issue to the knee, immediate medical attention is sought to avoid further damage to the cartilage. Read here for professional information on Meniscus Tear Treatments and Surgery.

Is it limited to only athletes?

There is a common myth among people in Singapore and the rest of the world that torn meniscus can occur only in sportsman and athletes because they are more into twisting, bending and jerking knee muscles. It is not always true.

Athletes do make bigger sufferer, but there are some other people as well who could suffer from this issue. It is also possible that meniscus tear due to some everyday activities like squatting knees, getting in and going out of the car abruptly, dancing, skiing or racquetball.

All these activities also involve twisting, bending, and moving knees to the angles which can easily twist muscles and cause damage to the cartilage.

Initial Symptoms:

Like treatment, the initial symptoms of the meniscus tearing also depends upon the intensity of the injury and pain. It mainly starts with slight pain in which you can keep moving, walking and carry on normal routine tasks.

With time, while twisting and squatting, the pain gets worsen and the knee seems to have locked. Gradually, you will not be able to carry on a routine walk or even drive due to intense pain.

Stepwise Progression:

It takes 4 to 6 weeks for obvious progression to notice. Your swelling on the knee muscles might go away after 6 to 8 weeks and you can now bear the minimal pain in the knee. But if you are an athlete, then you might not be able to continue normal sports or basketball so soon. Because if you so, the swelling may intense and you might face some serious consequences. With this pain, sometimes you will not be able to walk up the stairs and get in or out of the car easily.

Sometimes the knee starts preparing extra fluid due to meniscus tearing. It is because when the knee is bent repeatedly, it creates a place between the knee joints and the fluid is produced. Individuals with chronic swelling have to hold their knees in a pending position so they could get joint contraction and hamstring tightness. The torn meniscus also causes the in and out movement of the knee troublesome, resulting in arthritis.

A Meniscus Tear is Not Life-Threatening:

It is pertinent to mention that torn meniscus is not life-threatening and cannot damage your muscles if treated timely. If the meniscus torn causes discomfort and look swelled, or locked; it can damage the rest of the knee muscles as well. You will have to live with this permanent damage for the rest of your life, which means no sports, no hang out with friends and no free movements.

The issue should be treated well in time so any permanent damage to the knee muscles and joints canbe avoided.

A Peek into the Life of an Orthopaedic Surgeon in Singapore

As long as you are normal walking or running, nothing seems difficult. But when due to some simple injury in the ankle joint or knee bone, mere walking seems difficult and become painful. Any issue with the foot or ankle direct impact mobility and somehow restrict normal movement. Sometimes arthritis is also one of the main reasons behind the issue and needs medical attention.

Training of Orthopaedic Surgeons in Singapore:

Once 5 years have been completed in medical school, one has to go through 6 years of training to become surgeons specialised in Orthopaedics. Normally, the first year is about general knowhow and residency which involves learning basic knowledge of the issue, whereas next years are dedicated to learning the specialization with advanced training.

After residency, 1 year or sometimes 6 months’ fellowship needs to be completed. One has to learn all sub-areas of orthopaedic to become an expert in the field.

Orthopaedic Surgeon vs Chiropractor:

A chiropractor doesn’t come in the medical category of a medical doctor. In Singapore, they are not authorized to prescribe any medication to the patient. Mainly, they do therapy, which is manual and called spinal manipulation. Alternative treatment, as well as hand-on surgery, are also covered in their domain. A chiropractor is of the view that everybody can heal on their own when given time and they purely believe in this notion.

Orthopaedic care medical doctors and specialists having specialized qualification and experience. These people are expert in the diagnosis and treatment of any musculoskeletal system. They can use modern scientific methods and technologies including MRI, X-rays and can inform patient what issue they are facing and what could be the probable treatment for that.

When all non-surgical methods of treatment do not relieve the patient of the issue, an orthopaedic surgeon plan a surgery so treatment could be successfully achieved.

Challenges faced by Orthopaedic Surgeons in Singapore:

With people bombarded with a lot and a lot of information from people, online sources and other means, it is not easy to differentiate between fiction and facts. People who come to orthopaedic surgeons are sometimes confused about their treatment. There are a lot of misconceptions related to surgical treatment. Also sometimes due to no cooperation of the patients, surgeons find it hard to work and give their best. Usual misconceptions in the mind of patients are:

  • After surgery, they will not be able to walk on their own, drive a car or go to work
  • People are also of the view surgical treatment by orthopaedic surgeons is very risky and life-threatening
  • People are also of the view that after surgery the skin of that area will either rupture or paralyse
  • Recovery of the joint/knee may take years

It becomes the sole responsibility of the orthopaedic surgeon to remove all doubts and uncertainties from the minds of their patients. They need to have proper sittings with their patients and listen to their concerns. Also, patients need to be informed of the procedure involved and recovery time. Surgeons need to listen to concerns before planning for any surgical or non-surgical procedure.

Here’s Why You Should Never Leave a Torn Meniscus Untreated

The professionalism and the twisting of the basketball player are very incredible to watch. It is even not possible for their crossovers to forecast in which direction they move.

They are habitual of jumping, sprinting, swerve and dunking even if they have as such no bone. It is also true that these twisting, turning, and bending can cost you more if any single wrong move is taken.

In severe cases, meniscus surgery is advised (click to read more).

Does it restrict movements?

There is some specific type of movements which can cause the issue of the torn meniscus which many athletes face in their lives. This is one of the most common causes of torn meniscus injury among sportsmen. It is pertinent to mention that you might still walk after the initial injury but if left untreated, you might feel stiffness in your leg and could lead to permanent damage.

Why timely treatment is mandatory:

Even if you leave it like that, it can cause permanent inability in walking and you won’t be able to play sports again or take part in any physical activity. In more cases, permanent knee problem can also arise like arthritis. If you keep walking with a torn meniscus, cartilage damage can develop a permanent knee issue.

Learn about your Knee and Meniscus Tears:

The knee is formed with three bones. Normally knee joint is a tough and strong muscle. At the same time, it is flexible but not to the extent that it could be rotated and moved to all directions.

When anyone takes an active part in sports activities, like basketball the force as well as the degree to which the knee twists can either tear the cartilage between the knees or reduces more friction between the shinbone and thigh bone.

The cartilage is the meniscus, and each knee has around two menisci in the wedge shape. The issue of a meniscus tear is more common among sportsman and athletes, who are active participators in different bending, twisting and changing knee positions games.

Torn Meniscus: Can it heal on its own?

For any sports, endurance is an essential part and parcel. And for any sportsman playing during injury mean a badge of honour. But in the case of meniscus tear, the case is slightly different. If at any point in time, you realise being injured with torn cartilage and you leave it untreated then you are moving towards permanent damage to your knee.

It all depends upon the type and intensity of the injury. If it is noticed in the early stage, it can be treated without undergoing any surgical treatment. On the other hand, if it is left untreated and go worse, then you might have to live with this issue for the rest of your life.

If the tearing is on the outer side of the meniscus, then you can let it treat on its own. Because it won’t require any surgical procedure. But, if the issue is grave and requires regeneration of the meniscus tissue, then the physician might ask you for surgical treatment.

It depends on how the doctor treats the issue. He needs to physically examine the patients and then suggest swift and accurate treatment.

Meniscus Treatments: Causes, Risks and Expected Recovery

Why is the Meniscus Essential for Knee Joints?

Both lateral meniscus and medial meniscus play an essential role in allowing normal functions of the knee. These are called “shock absorbers” because the physical properties distribute the weight evenly between the knee and femur across the tibia plateau.

In the absence of a meniscus, the weight of the knee joint would be unevenly distributed, and the knee could be exposed to six times more weight than under normal circumstances.

Typical symptoms associated with the Torn Meniscus:

The first and the foremost symptoms you think to check if you have meniscus is popping sensations, which is very prominent. Apart from this:

  • Pain on the knee when it is twisted or rotated
  • Stiffness or swelling in knees or surrounding areas
  • Difficulty when the knee is straightening
  • When trying to move your knee, it seems it has been locked

So If you are unable to move your knee or it is stuck, you need to rush to the doctor for treatment or even meniscus surgery.

Possible Causes of a Torn Meniscus:

Any activity in which pain owing to rotation or twist in the knee is the most common cause of torn meniscus. That can include stoppage of the sudden movement or any aggressive pivoting due to turning.

At times lifting any heavy object as well as squatting can also lead to injury in the knee tissues and muscles. We talk about adult knees, then due to degenerative changes in the muscles of the knees, it can cause torn meniscus, however, the trauma-related with this injury is slightly low.

Risks Factors Involved:

Some activities which you perform that require twisting, pivoting or bending of the knee can increase the risks of developing torn meniscus in people. Mainly the risk factor is high for all those people who are actively involved in the athleticism or rigorous knee heavy sports, like football, basketball, or tennis.

Similarly, if not taken care of properly, regular wear and tear of the knee also lead to the start of the issue. Besides this, any physical condition like obesity can rupture knee tissues.

Any Complications involved in the process?

When the issue of torn meniscus arises, it means your knee is giving away. You might also find it hard to move or bend your knee a bit because of constant pain. With time, the swelling also arises and it’s the start of osteoarthritis in the problematic knee.

Looking for Preferred Treatment Options:

The preferred treatment is in the hands of a medical officer who will check and examine the broken or torn meniscus knee thoroughly.

It depends upon the kind, size, and intensity of the pain as well as swelling which determine the type of treatment to be given to that knee.

The issue can also be addressed at home with the application of ice on the swelled knee, whereas in severe cases the surgical procedure can be advised by the doctor.

Expected Recovery Phase:

The recovery of the torn meniscus depends upon the treatment given to the knee. Surgical treatment requires more time for recovery whereas non-surgical issue can take few hours to some days.

The article given knows how on the torn meniscus for general understanding. If you ever had this issue, better consult a specialist before making any final decision. 

What You Need to Know About Meniscus Tear Surgery

The connection between the shinbone and the thigh bone is made with the help of cartilage, soft tissue in the form of C-Shaped discs. The name of this connection is the meniscus. Normally, these are called shock absorbers for the human bones. The stability of the knee also depends upon these discs.

Sportsman or athletes who are habitual of playing different games, like hockey and football, are more vulnerable to getting meniscus tears. On the other hand, there is even more probability of getting the disease when you lift some heavy object, kneel or sit in a squat posture. Also with age, then the tissues and bones around the knee start to worn out, the chances of getting injured also increases.

When the meniscus is torn away, there appear slight swelling on the knee and it gets stiff as well. Even pain arises when the person tries to straighten the leg or twist the knee to one side.

How to Treat Meniscus Tears:

The overall treatment of meniscus tears depends upon:

  • The kind of treatment
  • The size of the tear
  • The location in the cartilage

The first thing a doctor recommends is to take ample rest and use a pain reliever. At the same time, using ice on the knee can reduce swelling to a greater extend. Physical therapy is another recommended step suggested by the surgeon for keeping a knee stable and ongoing.

If even these initial remedies do not work, then better to go for the surgical procedure as suggested by the doctor. But before that, an MRI needs to be performed for highlighting the diagnosis.

If during diagnosis, the injury to the knee is of Grade 1 or 2 with mild symptoms then no surgery is advised. If the injury is of Grade 3 and severe, then preferably go for surgical treatment.

The Repair Process of Meniscus Tear Treatment:

The doctor advises following the treatment and repair process, each depends upon the condition of the injury.

Arthroscopic total meniscectomy:

The procedure involves complete removal of the entire meniscus from the joint.

Arthroscopic repair:

With smaller cuts in the knees, an arthroscope will be inserted inside the knee to check for tears. Then smaller devices, like darts will be used for stitching purposes. The absorption will be done during this time.

Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy:

The procedure involves removal of a smaller portion of the meniscus for allowing the knee to function smoothly.

Generally, the process of meniscus repair involves low risk and is not complicated at all. The injury is common to skin nerves, leads to knee stiffness and can also cause infection. The medical specialist may also recommend some antibiotics for the treatment of infection. Meanwhile, for preventing the process of blood clotting, some compression stockings are also advised.

The Recovery Period:

The recovery time could take a month and during that, it is advised to walk with the help of crutches.

Secondly, some sessions of physical therapy can also help in quick recovery and for making knee strong.

Depending upon the surgery, whether it is a complete replacement or partial replacement, the total knee recovery time vary from one month to three months.

Discovering the Root Cause of Golfer’s Elbow

Golfer’s elbow is also categorized as medial epicondylitis in medical terminology. It occurs when any damage is done to the tendons and muscles which control the movement of fingers and wrist. Any forceful or stressful movement which is repeated or any improper hitting, lifting or throwing could result in golfer elbow issue.

Medical facilities available in Singapore

Singapore has some of the world’s most aptly equipped hospitals that offer far more than just space to take in more patients. They offer state of the art machine and technology (X-RAYs, CT scans, MRI machines) which are programmed to produce the most accurate of results. There are specially trained doctors and physicians that can cater to any and all conditions and maladies that their patients may be suffering from.

This leads to the further generation of more solutions and remedies which can benefit more and more people suffering from such ailments. And because Singapore offers universal healthcare, there has been a definite increase in the medical services being sought by Singaporean residents themselves rather than seeking medical help internationally. Golfer’s elbow is just one of the many conditions that the country’s healthcare sector is able to treat.

Golfer’s Elbows Explanation and Treatment

The trained doctors can offer solutions to an array of conditions and diseases. The most common of which, are muscle and joint pains. There are so many aches and pains that can occur in any part of the body and they can worsen and even become irreversible if not given the proper medical attention.

Take the condition of ‘golfer’s elbow’. This condition causes pain throughout the arms and in the elbow area with the pain originating from within the elbow and going down to the wrists. There are very diverse solutions to this condition as well.

Some doctors recommend the PRP treatment. This stands for Platelet-rich Plasma and it basically entails injecting one’s own blood (taken from another part of the body) to the affected aching area. The main idea here is that the sore muscles have become too painful to move and therefore do not receive any blood. This leads to there being little to no oxygen reaching the sore muscles which helps them move and function properly.

With the help of the plasma taken from another region of the body and injecting it within the affected area, oxygenated blood can how flow between the muscles and the tendons and oxygen can be absorbed. This treatment ensures that no foreign substance is entering the body but one’s own blood.

Another treatment prescribed is the simplest of all: rest. Though it may seem underestimated, resting your sore muscles can help them heal naturally and moving them excessively can cause further strain and can even worsen the effects. Rest is one of the best possible remedies and it is the most pocket friendly as well.

Other treatments and therapies are listed here and more information can be found at Providence’s Golfer’s Elbow Treatment webpage.

  • Platelet-Rich-Plasma (PRP) injection therapy
  • Oral Anti-inflammatory/analgesic medication
  • H&L injection (Cortisone)
  • Brace
  • Physiotherapy

Find out more about these therapies at an orthopaedic consultant or from a medical professional at a hospital or polyclinic to have a better understanding of your condition and of the relevant treatment options available.

How Golfer’s Elbow is Treated in Singapore

Medical Services of Singapore

Singapore has long been acknowledged as the sixth healthiest country by the UN led WHO (World Health Organization) in 2000. Singapore itself has elevated how the medical sector of their country functions by giving access to universal healthcare for citizens and almost completely free healthcare to the elderly citizens. This country has taken its time in investing in their own wellbeing first and it is evident that the populace is grateful for this.

The invention of ingenious and innovative ideas is what the Singaporean government cares about and this is why healthcare is such a priority in their country. One can attest to the quality of their services provided by their state of the art hospitals equipped with the latest machines to give the most accurate of results to medical tests.

Everyday Sickness

Considering these everyday grievances, any average person can contract any medical condition. When the seasons change, allergic reactions are found in every other person. Common day flus and the occasional blocked nasal passages are the norm when the temperature drops below a certain degree. All these are far too common and usually don’t stay very long to cause any alarm to the individual. Nothing which you cannot resolve on your own. However, when it comes to other conditions, medical attention can sometimes prove to be a better option to consider than just hoping the symptoms will simply reside.

Pains and aches can happen to every other person, but some conditions need to be looked at my medical professionals. This is where the golfer’s elbow condition and treatments come in.

Golfers Elbows and its Treatment

Golfer’s elbow is defined as pain which is felt from the inside of the elbow to the wrist. This can be caused by overworking the muscles making them stiff and immobile. Though there are multiple treatments which can relieve the ache, some are more effective than others. Take the corticosteroid injections as an example. Thought these are infinitely faster at relieving pain than other methods and solutions to golfer’s elbows, they are proven by research and studies to not last very long. When there is a high-degree pain coming from within your elbow to your wrist, you want something which can aid you in the long term.

Golfer’s elbow, also known as medial epicondylitis, is caused by damage to the muscles and tendons that control your wrist and fingers. The damage is typically related to excess or repeated stress — especially forceful wrist and finger motions. Improper lifting, throwing or hitting, as well as too little warmup or poor conditioning, also can contribute to golfer’s elbow.

Besides golf, many activities and occupations can lead to golfer’s elbow, including:

  • Racket sports: Improper technique with tennis strokes, especially the backhand, can cause injury to the tendon. Excessive use of topspin and using a racket that’s too small or heavy also can lead to injury.
  • Throwing sports: Improper pitching technique in baseball or softball can be another culprit. Football, archery and javelin throwing also can cause golfer’s elbow.
  • Weight training: Lifting weights using improper technique, such as curling the wrists during a biceps exercise, can overload the elbow muscles and tendons.
  • Forceful, repetitive occupational movements: These occur in fields such as construction, plumbing and carpentry

To cause golfer’s elbow, the activity generally needs to be done for more than an hour a day on many days.

You could be at higher risk of developing golfer’s elbow if you’re:

  • Age 40 or older
  • Performing repetitive activity at least two hours a day
  • Obese
  • A smoker

Referenced from Mayo Clinic

There are also specially designed exercises to aid relief from the pain. These help you move your sore and pained muscles gently but steadily to help restore mobility back to the area. When muscles are exercised, blood flows faster between them and this causes more oxygen to flow between the muscles which absorb it to function better.

When the muscles are pained and stationary there is no new blood, no oxygen and only pain. This is why exercise can prove to be more effective than some options as it naturally uplifts pain and restores mobility. 

Golfer’s Elbow Treatment for the Elderly

Singaporean Healthcare Achievements

Singapore is famous in the world for their amazing achievements in medical science. The country really has raised the bar for other countries to follow when it comes down to both practice and research in the medical field, being the first Asian country to do so. While setting the bar higher for other countries, Singapore also assures universal healthcare for their own citizens and completely free healthcare for the elderly. There are a multitude of diverse fields within this medical sector that can range from the highly complex neuroscience to spinal surgeries to everyday common maladies and conditions.

Elderly Population Demographic in Singapore

It is important to note that because there are such diverse solutions and remedies available for what seems like every disease out there, there has been an increase in the elderly population demographics in Singapore. The proportion of residents aged 65 years and over has increased from 8.8% in 2009 to 14.4% in 2019. That is almost double of what the populace was originally. Naturally when the senior citizens are growing in number, the government would need to cater to their medical needs. This leads to better medical services available in almost all hospitals across the country with trained doctors and qualified physicians.

Golfers Elbows in the Elderly

The matter remains: when you get older, your joints, your muscles, the way your body works sheds down a little and your reflexes become slower. The body is prone to more aches and pains. This can lead to many painful conditions and some common ones such as golfer’s elbow and the tennis elbow conditions.

Differences: Tennis Elbows and Golfer’s Elbow

Although both may seem like one and the same thing (both causing aches within the elbow region) there are very distinct differences within the both conditions. Golfer’s elbows causes pain from the elbows to the wrist, the pain originating from within the elbow. Tennis elbows causes aches and pains from the outside the elbow within the surrounding tendons within the muscles.

Treatments for the Condition

The treatments for golfer’s elbow are varied and naturally some are suited well for some specific while other solutions are deemed acceptable to others. The easiest of solutions can found for golfer’s elbow pain is within medications. These painkillers are well suited to provide relief to the pained area and can sooth the overworked muscles. By using prescribed medication mobility and flexibility can be restores back to the limbs. There are some more traditional methods which can be prescribed by the doctor. Therapeutic massages can also help elevate the pain when given by the help of your trained physician.

There are rehabilitation centers available in hospitals all over Singapore which aid in providing safe, effective exercises also aimed at relieving pain. More modernistic solutions involve surgery and injecting steroids within the pained area. Though these do provide effective relief from the pain, research has shown that the effects have less to no effect when taken long-term.

Listed above are the many solutions provided by the Singaporean medical sector. Though the country continues to make big news with their medical achievements it is important to understand which procedures and solutions work best for which individual.     

Top-Rated Water Efficient Toilet Bowls in Singapore

Do you live in Singapore? Do you want to cut your water bill in half? If you answered yes to both questions, then it is time to replace your outdated toilet bowl that uses 9 to 10 liters in a single flush, while new, stylish, and water-efficient models on the average use a mere 4 liters in one flush.

See, you don’t have to wait till your present toilet bowl is old or faulty before changing it. Upgrading your WC is a smart move not just because it will help you save water and potentially reduce water bill, but also help upgrades the look of your bathroom.

In 2017, Masagos Zulkifli, the Minister of environment and water resources, said a few things about water management and the importance of water-efficient toilet bowls. Since then, a lot of people in Singapore have been opting for it. In fact, the market is currently flooded with so many models with unique designs and functions like the ones here:

So, if you don’t have one, you are missing out.

This article by Andrey Tan sheds light on some of the best water bowls in Singapore.

Water-efficient toilet bowls, smart shower devices for homes

Old flats will get new toilet bowls as part of the national push to save water. In another move, intelligent devices will help people track how much water they use as they shower. Read more here.

You likely now know a few things about water-efficient toilet bowls and some reasons why you should consider buying them. You also now know some of the best water-efficient toilet bowls on the market right now, and how much it will cost you to buy them. But do you know how to narrow down the right one for your bathroom?

The following article by Mrplumber is a concise guide to choosing the right toilet bowl for your bathroom.

Toilet Bowl Singapore: Choosing the Right One for Your Household

The toilet bowl is one of the most important aspects of any toilet that is used daily, so it would be wise to choose one that would fit the comfort of your home. When considering changing your toilet bowl in Singapore, there are a few thoughts to consider. Read more here.

You surely now know how to narrow down the best toilet bowl for your household. You also now know why the toilet is regarded by experts as a long-term investment and thus be taken seriously. Before heading out to the market to choose a WC, there are some important things you must first know.

This article by Domenica Tan unveils some important things you need to know before buying a WC.

What you need to know before buying a WC

On average, we go to the bathroom six times a day, so it is important to choose the right WC that suits your preferences and requirements. We asked the experts at Econflo Systems, a distributor and retailer of well-known brands of sanitaryware and fittings Read more here.

You are likely now abreast with a few things you must carefully consider when choosing a toilet in Singapore. You also now know a few things about the various types of towel bowls on the market right now, how to determine the piping system in your home, what a concealed cistern is, and the best flush systems.


Toilet bowls come in different shapes and sizes. While there some models that have jaw-dropping designs, water-saving properties, impressive finishing, and most importantly can upgrade the look of a bathroom, there are others that are of low quality.

Of course, you have the complete freedom to choose anyone you want. But since a toilet is a long-term investment, it is important that you only opt for high-grade models that can do everything from helping you save water to making your bathroom look better.

Never should you buy a mediocre toilet bowl just to save a few bucks. Trust me; you will regret it in the long run.

Important Things You Ought to Know When Choosing a Toilet in Singapore

No bathroom is complete, without a working toilet. Whether you live in a small apartment with a small bathroom or a large one with a spacious bathroom, it is critical that you invest in a high-quality toilet bowl as you will be using it daily.

Finding a good toilet in Singapore isn’t as easy as you think. The obvious reason for this is that the market is flooded with numerous toilet models. Picking the first one that catches your attention or the one everybody is using is not really a smart move as it may not suit your needs. In fact, many people who go to the market without doing their research are often cajoled by salesmen who don’t give any thoughts to the needs of their customers.

If you don’t want to suffer the same fate, then arm yourself with the important information you need to silence the noise and narrow down the best toilet bowl for your home for yourself.

This article by Saniquo cautions on some critical things you need to know to choose the right toilet.

What Everyone Ought To Know About Choosing the Right Toilet

The toilet is the central piece in any bathroom. Yet, it is the most overlooked item. Many of us tend to focus more on other sanitary accessories such as the basin, bathtub or shower hanger. A high-performance toilet can make a positive monetary impact Read more here

You likely now know some critical things you need to give careful thought to like the height, color, size, shape, add-ons, and features. Even after considering these factors, you are still going to need a guide to comprehensively navigate through the various options out there and ultimately narrow down the best one for your bathroom.

The following article by The Toilet Expert is a guide to choosing the best toilet bowl.

The Best Toilet – a Buying Guide

The majority of people have little idea about what to look for when choosing the best toilet that fits your needs. Although, it may seem like toilets are one of the easiest home appliances to purchase without prior knowledge of what you want or what to look out for; Read more here

You are surely now armed with a comprehensive guide to choose the right toilet bowl for your bathroom. Whether you opt for a budget-friendly model or a high-end toilet bowl, it is critical that you learn the right way to clean and maintain it. Ignore this, and your toilet bowl may become faulty or even worse, become permanently damaged.

The following article by Absoluteservices discusses how to clean a toilet in 7 easy steps.

How to Clean Toilet in 7 Easy Steps

It’s very important to keep your toilet clean. A dirty toilet not only looks and smells bad but will be a breeding ground for many dangerous germs. Though many people don’t like the idea of cleaning a toilet below are 7 easy steps to make the task easier and more effective. Read more here.

You likely now know why it important for you to keep your toilet clean at all times. You also now know some easy steps to clean your bathroom. However, you must note that all towel bowls aren’t the same. So, the way and manner some models are to be cleaned and maintained may be different from others.


The toilet is an essential element in any bathroom and thus, must be taken seriously. Using a faulty or damaged toilet bowl is not really a good idea as it may look and smell bad, and even worse, become a breeding ground for germs.

So, if your present toilet has any issue, you should start making plans to replace with a modern and functional model that will suit the needs of your home.

Doing this may seem like a walk in the park, especially if you haven’t bought one before, but the truth is that it is difficult and frustrating. To make your shopping easier, you will need a guide that contains the basic information to help narrow down the best toilet for your bathroom.

Best Toilet Bowl in 2019

Aren’t you just tired of using your old and ugly toilet bowl? If yes, then it is time for you to upgrade your existing toilet bowl to a modern, stylish, and functional one.

As a homeowner, you have the freedom to pick anyone you like, but since it is a long-time investment, it is wise you only opt for high-quality models, as they are durable, beautiful, and have water-saving properties. Even more, they can add character to your bathroom and make it look more elegant and stylish.

Choosing a high-quality toilet bowl is by no means an easy task, especially now when the market is flooded with hundreds of models. While some are great and have impressive features, others are of low quality and will fall apart after a while.

To increase the odds of you picking a good one, you should pick from Singapore’s best toilet bowl models on the market right now.

This article by Kimberley McGee unveils some of the best toilets in 2019.

The 8 Best Toilets for Your Home in 2019

Sleek in design, comfortably tall, and efficient in its water use and flushing capabilities, the Toto UltraMax II is packed with features. Reviewers raved about many aspects of this specific model of Toto toilet. Read more here.

You likely now know some of the best toilet bowls on the market right now. The obvious reason why these toilets are in high demand is that they are of high quality and can withstand consistent use. That said, before opting for any of them, it is important that you consider your taste and preferences.  

The following article by Adam Chard is a comprehensive how-to guide to choosing a toilet.

Toilet buying guide

With a range of designs to suit bathrooms big and small, there are so many options when it comes to buying a toilet. So, let’s take you on a crash course with this short, 60-second video: Read more here.

You likely now know a thing or two about the various types of toilets bowls on the market, and some key factors like size and position, plumbing and connections, and soil pipe connections, just to name a few, that you must consider before making a purchase. But do you know how to determine if the toilet bowl you have in mind will suit your needs?

The following article by Domenica Tan discusses how to determine if a WC will be perfect for your bathroom.

How do you choose the right WC?

These days, WCs come in all shapes and sizes, with technology that makes systems more hygienic and easy to clean. Material- Most WCs are made from vitreous china as it is durable, scratch-resistant, and less porous as compared to other materials such as fire clay and ceramic. Read more here.

You surely now know some ways to determine if a WC will be a good fit for your bathroom. You also now know some often ignored factors like seating height and trap distance you should consider when choosing a toilet bowl. The most important factor you must consider before making a final decision is your budget.

Final note

A toilet is a staple piece in any bathroom regardless of its style and design. Since it is so important, it is wise you only opt for premium quality models that will serve you for years and years to come.

While you have the freedom to pick any toilet bowl, it wise you only opt for tried and tested models with tons of positive reviews.

Whether you are opting for a high-end or an affordable toilet bowl, it is critical that you consider important factors like its height, design, shape, and flushing mechanism, as they can determine if they will fit into your bathroom or not.

The Considerations of Buying a King Size Bed

Some people like extra space or maybe they’re just taller and require additional space for a comfortable night’s sleep. For these people a king sized bed is no doubt the best option. It is fast becoming popular among even single sleepers, with more people suggesting that extra room to stretch at night is good for you. And there is no denying the extra leg, arm and body room a king size mattress gives such as the ones offered here:

For families, parents can invite all the little tiny tots for a cuddle on movie nights or bedtime rituals. In addition to this with two partners sleeping together, a king ensures ample space for each partner while also minimizing the feeling of motion when the other moves. All these uses are certainly not possible with a queen but is it necessary to upgrade your mattress?

Bedroom Size and Floor Space

A standard king-sized bed requires extra space i.e. one must consider all the options when it is delivered straight from the shore to your bedroom. One needs to check if it would be able to fit through the passage, corridor and the door. After dismantling, would it fit snugly into the bed frame and lastly, will the floor space of the room be comprised? The floor space of any room is usually not considered when buying a king and people have been known to regret it. The bedroom is not only for the bed to keep, but also has a dresser, sitting area and sometimes a cozy corner for the little kids to play in.

Thus, before considering to get a king it is recommended to measure up the furniture, bed, floor space and doorway. Another important factor to consider is the price. Sometimes a great deal or better mattress that is otherwise costly, can become affordable when considering its size. If one has to change the overall layout of the room, then it is important to consider the fixed budget and if a king-sized bed would be able to fit into it.

Living Arrangements in Singapore

Internationally, the most famous bed size used to be the queen, because it adequately adjusts to the fittings in the bedroom but now more people are interested in buying a king size mattress for their bedroom. The trend has especially set in Singapore. However, most urban population in Singapore lives in flat accommodation and with flats one thing is certain that there isn’t a lot of space with bulky furniture. People should consider the possibility of owning such a huge mattress in such a small apartment. It greatly compromises their floor space and placing a dresser for those who require it can be very hard. Aesthetically speaking, all the medium sized furniture with a gigantic bed won’t make any sense as well. 

A nightly 7 to 9-hour long sleep is essential for a healthy body and with the ever-evolving city lifestyle, it has greatly reduced. Long working hours have taken a toll on people’s health worldwide. At night, one should try to benefit from sleeping on a comfortable surface to be fit and relaxed for the challenges of the next day. Your mattress type can certainly boost or reduce sleep. Not every size or variety can fit everyone. So, while selecting a mattress, it is a wise choice to take your time and try as many mattresses as possible to make the best decision for your body.

Choosing the Right Support Mattress for Chronic Back Pain

In Singapore alone, more and more people have been diagnosed with chronic back pain over the last decade. It is undoubtedly a country of hard workers. People tend to spend more late hours in the offices trying to prove to their bosses how hard they work. These have taken a toll on their health and with one disease on the rise, namely chronic back pain. Singapore has a free market economy, a very honest work force and business-oriented society. One of the ways to combat this is to sleep on the right mattress that supports one’s spine and back muscles. Sofzsleep latex mattresses come with technology and varying levels of support for back-pain sufferers. It is also important to find out more about the condition.

The spine of a human body is one of the most delicate and important parts. It holds the weight of the body and is made of all the tiny nerves of the nervous system. On one side it connects to the main organ of the human body, the brain and along the way supports the rest of the body. It transfers all the information and feeling from the brain to the rest of the body. A slight pain or discomfort can cause many long-term problems. The lifestyle of today’s world has changed dramatically over the years. A common person spends a significant amount of his time sitting; either on a workstation, in the car or in front of the TV. In other words, without any physical exertion and therefore, completely disrupting their posture. And from what the studies have shown, the posture of a person must keep the spinal cord aligned.

Mattresses, on which a person spends a significant amount of their time on everyday have a major role to play when it comes to relieving or causing back problems. According to research, a mattress must hold hardness of 6 to 7 on the scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being the softest. The sole reason is to give support to the spine. Today many mattresses are in the market, promising comfort but a person must choose wisely according to their needs. Even if one hasn’t got any problems with their back right now, they might in the future with a cheap or uncomfortable mattress.

Some popular types are:

  • Memory foam
  • Pillow tops
  • Gel
  • Innerspring
  • Air bed
  • Latex mattresses
  • Water bed
  • Adjustable Bases

The aforementioned mattresses are top sellers today but their use does not match the need of every person. Since every body type is different, so is their adjustment to the type of material the mattress is made of. According to research and reviews received from the people who used these types of mattresses, the best in the market is the memory foam mattress for back pain. The foam and the rest of the material conforms itself to the curves of the human body thereby keeping the aligned. People who have used this gave glowing reviews, especially the ones who had previously complained of lower back pain. It has not only eased discomfort but promises to eradicate it all together. They are slightly expensive than the rest of the mattress types, but their long-term benefits certainly justify the price.

Tips on How to Buy a Queen-size Mattress in Singapore

If you have are considering replacing your current mattress because it is worn out, or for health reasons, you need to make sure the new one is going to meet your needs. The cost of buying a queen-size mattress in Singapore is not something many people consider since they know it is a one-time purchase that could last years. However, for millennials moving out of their parents’ house, or newly-weds, the cost is substantial, especially when one is buying other pieces of household furniture.

Look out for mattresses on sale

When it comes to mattresses, you have probably heard that you get what you pay for. Branded mattresses cost more than the non-branded ones usually found in neighborhood stores. Unfortunately, even though some of these mattresses are affordable and fit your budget, they wear out quickly. In a few months, a mattress that was firm when you bought it, is less springy, and the outcome will be aches and pain due to the absence of the support your body needs.

If you have a tight budget and can only afford non-branded mattresses, find out what others have to say about these mattresses. Some mattresses are more durable than others, even if they are cheap. Alternatively, look out for stores that sell high-quality mattresses that are on sale. You may need to pay more than you would have the non-branded mattresses, but you will be buying it at a bargain.

Test the firmness

Before paying for the mattress, it is best not take the sales person’s opinion on the hardness until you confirm it is perfect for you. Everyone has their ideal mattress firmness, what works for another may not work on you. It is, therefore, important for you to lie on the mattress for a few minutes, take your usual sleeping position to check how comfortable you would be.

The firmness a side sleeper needs is not the same as the one a back sleeper requires. For the amount you will be spending on the mattress, you need to get the right one. It would be best to shop for a mattress with your spouse so that you can agree on the mattress that meets your individual needs.

Research on the authorized retailers

Branded mattresses tend to have an agreement with retailers who are authorized to sell the queen-size mattresses from specific brands. This is why some retailers have a greater range of brands while others are limited to selling a few. Find out the retailers offering some of the brands at a discount. You should also find out the return policies and the brands that have the best warranties. It is easier to pick the retailer that offers you the best deal after comparing what various stores have on offer.

Look at client testimonials and reviews

Your best referral is someone who has used the same mattress you would like to buy. Before buying from a particular retail store or a specific brand of queen-size mattress, find out what others have to say. You may find a retailer who has excellent terms but may not have honored a return policy given to previous clients. You need to confirm that the retailer is trustworthy by finding out what previous customers have to say.

It is crucial to go shopping for a queen-size mattress when you have all the information you need so that you can make the right choice. Early preparation will save you time, and ensure you pick the best mattress. Even if the return policy is favorable, taking back the mattress will not be an option because it is comfortable, the right size, and provides the support your body needs.

The Boom Of The Plastic Surgery Industry In Singapore

In Asia, Singapore is ranked as the leader in plastic surgeries and it is one of the best destinations in the world for the cosmetic procedure. In terms of infrastructure, it has been ranked 3rd in a list of 55 countries.

Asia is home to the highest number of plastic surgeons in the world and also the highest number of surgery procedures than anywhere else in the world. It also means that Asians make the maximum number of individuals who undergo plastic surgery. There is a strong market for cosmetic procedures and facelifts in Singapore is one of the reasons for the growth of medical tourism in the continent.

Growing aesthetics market in Asia

A youthful and attractive face is synonymous with a happy and successful life. It is also seen as a means of landing a job, as no employer would want to hire individuals who look dull and old. Asians are very cautious about the way they look and this has created an excellent base for plastic surgeons and treatment centers.

Most customers include young people who are extremely conscious of the way they look. It also includes a large number of men and older people as well. The aesthetics industry has become competitive and in places like Singapore several reputed centers have opened in the last couple of years.

Cosmetic surgeries widely accepted in Asia

One of the reasons why the plastic surgery industry in Asia is so popular is because people in Asian countries have lost the taboo for aesthetic procedures. The younger generation is more open to the latest advancements in cosmetic treatments than the previous generation ever was. Although it is true that non-invasive techniques and procedures are more in demand, other techniques still remain popular. Laser treatments are constantly improving and has become one of the in-demand cosmetic procedures by Asians.

Social media partly responsible for the boom

Social media is used by most youths nowadays and social media presence has become increasingly important. Individuals who are avid users of popular social media sites like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram feel that they need to look good in order to socially interact with people. It is one of the reasons why plastic surgery has become so popular lately.

Another reason why social media is responsible for the boom is because it is a good platform for cosmetic centers to reach out to a variety of customers.

Tips for Choosing The Right Aesthetic Skin Clinic

Any person who is concerned with his or her skin problems and wants them to be addressed, as well as treated, properly must visit a good aesthetic skin clinic. If you are a resident of Singapore and share the same concerns, you need to choose an aesthetic clinic in Singapore with great deliberation. Your skin beauty clinic should have a comfortable and safe atmosphere so that you will feel like visiting it again and again.


Check out the following pointers for selecting the right aesthetic skin clinic for your skin treatment

Pinpoint your major concern


You will find skin and beauty treatment salons all around you. To find out the most suitable skin clinic for you, you need to first identify your key concern areas. Doing this will automatically lower the choices since there will be some skin clinics that will not offer the treatment you are looking for. You can even go online and try to find a good aesthetic clinic. Alternatively, you can call them up and find out the details.


Look for an atmosphere that is conducive for you

Whenever you visit an anesthetic clinic Singapore, you should get a feel of calmness and be completely relaxed. The clinic should play soft and light music that is soothing to your ears. A good aesthetic skin clinic should also be completely sound-proof so that external noise cannot come in. The light brings used inside the facility also plays a vital part on the client’s temperaments. If the lighting system is intense, relaxing will be difficult for you while the treatment is going on.


Staff of the clinic should be welcoming and service-oriented

Once prospective clients are attracted by a pleasing ambiance, the next important factor is how welcoming the therapists are. The manner in which the therapists provides service and responds to the clinic’s patients play a crucial role in selecting an aesthetic clinic in Singapore. The therapists should also be knowledgeable, service-oriented and courteous. They should be well trained in the products and treatments available.


Comparison of prices and service quality

No two skin clinics will charge you the same price for the products and treatments being used. For instance, a laser treatment’s cost varies based on the machine being used and the number of seatings the patient needs. You need to check how much the other clinics are charging for the same treatment. But some clinic may charge less as compared to the others since the machines for the latter may not have the necessary approval for equal effectiveness and safety.

Chin Augmentation – Key Benefits

Chin augmentation helps in enhancing the projection and shape of one’s chin through a surgical process. Your face can look completely out of proportion due to your weak chin. Moreover, it can make your nose appear bigger and affect the definition between the neck and jaw line. When your chin profile is strengthened, the rest if your face gets proper balance and makes your jaw line look stronger. The end result is a more youthful and defined face contour. There are various ways through which chin filling and augmentation is performed. Synthetic implants are one of the most common ways of doing so. The implants are permanent and safe and are available in various sizes and shapes so that they suit all types of facial profile and shape.

Takes little time to heal

It does not take long to recover from a chin augmentation procedure. When your surgeon makes an incision within your mouth, the patient should avoid hard food items for some days. When the incision is done under one’s chin, it only takes about 4 days to 1 week for the stitches to come out. In many cases, these stitches are self-dissolving in nature.

Greater control over the shape of your new chin since implants is available in various sizes

Facial implants are available in multiple shapes and sizes and the most appropriate implant can be selected by your surgeon, giving you the look you desire.

Prominent chin can be created for the rest of your life

Your chin is given a prominent look by using an implant in this procedure. Solid silicone is used to make the chin implants. Thus the chin fillers in Singapore can last for long. You need not go back to your plastic surgeon frequently within a year.

Possibility of scarring is less

Usually, the incisions are made just below the patient’s chin. It is usually a small incision and it is made in an area that is not usually noticeable. There are some cases when the incision is created inside your mouth. Thus, the scar is not visible to anyone. Your surgeon will discuss the location site you prefer, depending on the implant type you select.

Self-confidence gets improved

Your self-confidence may get affected when your chin is weak. If you feel self-conscious since you feel your chin does not look prominent, you can go for chin augmentation for the chin fillers to make you feel good about your appearance, thus enhancing your confidence and self-esteem.

7 facts and tips about laser treatment

In today’s world, the options to rejuvenate your skin are endless; however, the most popular or rather the most effective of them all is laser resurfacing. Although the concept of laser treatment is fairly uncomplicated, there are a few things you need to take care of before opting for skin rejuvenation. Here are some of the facts and tips:


Keep your options open: In terms of facial laser treatment Singapore offers a wide variety of options depending on your skin type and the type of procedure you want to undergo. So keep your options open before you consult a doctor who would advise you on the type of treatment that best suits you.


Inform your doctor about your skin problems: Before undergoing laser treatments, it’s advisable to discuss any skin issues that you have with your doctor. Your doctor has to address the problem first and prepare your skin for the laser treatment.


Treatment durations may vary: A typical laser resurfacing duration varies from half an hour to two hours, depending on the type of treatment. The procedure doesn’t involve the risk of general anesthesia because it’s often done under local anesthesia.


Don’t wear makeup until your skin recovers: Cosmetics often disrupts the process of recovery after laser treatment. Our skin recovers on its own and in some cases you can use cosmetics right after the treatment, but it’s always safe to wait till your skin recovers completely before you use any cosmetics on your skin.


Avoid sun as much as possible: After laser treatment, our skin becomes very sensitive and it’s advisable to avoid the damaging rays of sun till your skin heals completely. However, if it’s absolutely necessary for you to go out in the sun, protect your skin with a sunscreen.


Follow recovery instructions: Facial laser treatments in Singapore are done under local anesthesia and in most cases, you can start with your daily work right away. However, your skin would need some time to recover and for best results, you need to follow the post procedure instructions carefully.


Consider your skin tone: There are different types of laser for different skin tones. It is important for you to discuss the possibilities and the type of treatment you should undergo with your doctor.


There are many skin care products available in the market but they are not always as effective as they claim to be, and when it comes to rejuvenating your skin, nothing can beat laser treatment.

Required for Buildings

Required for Buildings

There are times when various constructions are required for buildings.
Also, because these constructions are carried out, it also leads people to be comfortable with that building.

Such buildings are not only houses where we live everyday life, but also various buildings such as companies, hospitals and schools are one of them.
Therefore, even for people to spend comfortably, there is a construction that is showing great effect.

Well, what exactly is such a construction?
In this way, some people may have some things on the head listening to construction.
The work I would like to introduce here is seismic reinforcement and drainage construction.
Perhaps there are things many people have heard about these constructions at once.
For example, since Japan is also called “earthquake great country”, I think that it is more sensitive to countermeasures against earthquakes.
It is earthquake resistant reinforcement that is constructed in preparation for such an earthquake.
By doing seismic retrofitting, damage caused by the earthquake can be suppressed.

Also, what is drainage construction?
This is to do a variety of construction work around the water drain pipe first.
For example, even when water leaks such as toilets and baths occur, drainage work may be exerted in many cases.
Also, water leakage in kitchens and washbasins etc can also be solved by this drainage construction as well.
The situation of water leakage is also inconvenient for those who live there and spend time there.
From such things, it is important to take measures such as drainage work.

I would like to introduce about wastewater construction and seismic retrofitting that solves such leaks.