Leptospirosis from rodents in Singapore population: Its spread and control

The population of rodents are increasing in Singapore and the residents are worried. Apart from hygiene problems, rodents spread a variety of disease, some of which can be fatal. One such disease is Leptospirosis. Even though it mostly affects animals, it can affect humans too. It is a type of bacterial disease that gets transmitted through cuts in the skin. It can also spread through infections from contaminated water. Experts on rodent control Singapore state that rodents are the primary source of infections and the disease is contagious. It can spread from infected animals.

The number of Leptospirosis cases in canines are on the rise in Singapore and it is particularly worrisome for pet owners.

Signs and Symptoms

Leptospirosis can have different effects on different people. In some, the symptoms include fever, vomiting, headache, muscle pain, loss of appetite and many more signs. In others, the disease exhibits no sign at all. Leptospirosis can be fatal and should be treated immediately.

Leptospirosis begins suddenly and is accompanied by headache, fever and chills. Muscle pain and abdominal pain are also characteristic of Leptospirosis.

Risk factors

Agricultural workers who spend a long time on the field are more prone to leptospirosis. Often, they have to work in water without any protection and are likely to get affected through water contamination. Apart from agricultural workers, those who swim outside are also at risk. During floods, the risk can rise to endemic proportions as the contaminated reaches out to more people.

People who handle rodents and other animals are at big risk because the disease spreads faster from animals.

Prevention

Prevention strategies include wearing protective gear those working in fields. Swimmers should cover their head, ears, and nose along with full body covering when going for a swim.

Those working with rodents should get blood tests done from time to time. The rodents themselves should be vaccinated. Same goes for other animals as well.

Treatment

There are many antibiotics available in the market, some of them being amoxicillin, ampicillin and penicillin G. Cefotaxime and ceftriaxone work in severe cases.

Glucose infusions or other salt solution infusions can be administered to patients suffering from Leptospirosis. Serious cases might require dialysis.

Kidney failure in Leptospirosis is due to high levels of serum phosphorous. In such conditions, the patient requires special care and special treatment options are available in hospitals.